Messerschmitt Me 262
History of the replica:
Construction of 5 replicas of this type began in the USA in 1993, using fragments of drawings and an original two-seater trainer aircraft as a prototype. All the parts had to be built from scratch, and no original parts were used.
Equipped with modern engines and modern avionics made in the USA, the first of these replicas made its maiden flight on 20 December 2002 in Seattle, WA.
The replica belonging to the Messerschmitt Foundation made its maiden flight on 15 August 2005 in Seattle, WA. After a short test flight, it was disassembled again, packed and flown to Manching, its new home. After being reassembled and ground tested, it made its maiden flight there on 25 April 2006.
Chronology of the replica :
01.07.1993 Construction of five replicas began in Texas on the basis of a Me 262 B two-seater trainer aircraft on loan from the US Navy.
Mid-1996 Construction of the main assemblies
Early 1999 Transfer of the project to Seattle / Me 262 project (Bob Hammer)
End 2000 Restoration of original prototype completed and returned to US Navy
20.12.2002 First flight of the first replica
18.01.2003 A landing accident caused by a technical fault seriously damaged the first replica.
20.06.2004 The first replica flies again after being repaired
19.05.2005 The second replica, belonging to Messerschmitt, receives FAA certification.
15.08.2005 The D-IMTT makes its maiden flight in Seattle
26.08.2005 The flight tests in the United States are completed, and the aircraft is dismantled for transport to Germany.
10.01.2006 The dismantled aircraft arrives in Luxembourg aboard a Cargolux cargo plane, before being transported by road to the Willy Messerschmitt Museum in Manching, near Ingolstadt in Germany.
25.04.2006 The D-IMTT makes its second “maiden flight” in Manching, by Horst Philipp
16-21.05.2006 European premiere at ILA 2006 in Berlin Schönefeld
The Me 262 – the first jet-powered production aircraft
On 18 July 1941, the eagerly awaited first flight of the jet-powered Me 262 took place in Leipheim, Germany. The aim was to prove what the aircraft, including its propulsion units, had been designed to do.
In 1942, the Me 262 was in every respect a pioneering piece of high-tech aviation: firstly, because of the aircraft concept itself and, secondly, because of the new jet propulsion system, which had been developed in parallel with the aircraft and prepared for series production.
However, discussions and developments had been taking place since the mid-1930s, as it had been shown that the efficiency limit of aeronautical propulsion by piston and propeller engines – due to their physical properties – was within reach. So a new idea for propulsion was urgently needed. And the need for a new aircraft design arose from the higher speeds that could then be expected.
Hans von Ohain’s air-jet turbine, patented in 1937, paved the way for this new type of propulsion, and Messerschmitt AG began developing an aircraft for this type of propulsion in 1938. Messerschmitt AG’s first objective was to design a “solid” experimental aircraft, i.e. one that was as risk-free as possible and whose flight could be controlled in complete safety. It was simply a question of an aircraft with harmless flight characteristics. But it soon became clear that the jet fighter was breaking new ground, both technically and aerodynamically. At the same time, the Bayerische Motoren Werke and Junkers-Motorenbau had already begun developing jet engines for series production.
On 27 August 1939, Hans von Ohain was able to demonstrate his idea in flight as the engine of a He178. However, the development of propulsion units led to a continuous increase in their weight and dimensions. As a result, aerodynamic modifications and adaptations to the airframe design became necessary. However, the first production-ready propulsion units are still awaited at the time of completion of the aircraft.
In order to at least carry out preliminary tests, Willy Messerschmitt himself suggested installing a makeshift piston engine in the nose of the aircraft. So on the evening of 18 April 1941, at Augsburg-Haunstetten, the Me 262 took off for the first time, powered by a propeller. In this configuration, a tailwheel was still planned. In December 1941, Junkers announced the final breakthrough: one of the development machines operated for the first time briefly at a thrust of 1,000 kiloponds.
Operator: Airbus Pilot: Gerhardt Kraehenbuehl "K12" Manufacturing date: 2005 Serial number: 501244 Livery: Luftwaffe